The Serpentine Pavilion
Each year the Serpentine pavilion plays host to a different temporary structure by worldwide acclaimed architects and designers.
It has become an international attraction since the Serpentine Gallery Director Julia Peyton-Jones envisaged the idea in 2000 with the inaugural structure by the late Zaha Hadid.
Bjarke Ingels’ work this year had us reminisce on some of the previous pavilions, here is our favorites:
Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2012 by Herzog & de Meuron and Ai Weiwei
Created in 2012 by Swiss Architects Herzog & de Meuron and their artist collaborator Ai Weiwei.
The Archaeological Pavilion was created with the intention of exploring the hidden history of the previous Serpentine Pavilions.
It had eleven columns under the lawn of the Serpentine, emblematizing the past pavilions and a twelfth column supporting a hovering platform roof. The roof was one and a half meters over ground, reflecting water-like surface in the renderings.
Gallery director Julia Peyton-Jones describes what the designers did as "a kind of homage to all the other pavilions."
Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2002 / Toyo Ito + Cecil Balmond + Arup
According to Gallery Director Peyton-Jones, Toyo Ito "gulped" when asked to design the 2002 Serpentine Gallery Pavilion. Following Hadid's and Libeskind highly acclaimed installations he proposed to use his pre-existing pavilion designed for Bruges. However Peyton-Jones informed him that the structure must be specific to the site.
What ensued has been called "one of the most exquisite and revolutionary buildings of recent times" by Jonathan Glancey, Architecture Critic for The Guardian.
Initially, what was thought to be an extremely complicated unpremeditated pattern, was in fact derived from an algorithm of a cube that expanded as it rotated.
Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2008 by Frank Gehry
Once again another structure designed in collaboration with Arup, this magnificent wooden structure has been described as being "Da Vinci inspired ". This is due to Gehry taking inspiration from elaborate wooden catapults designed by the famous Italian polymath.
Legendary Canadian-born American architect, Gehry collaborated with his son Samuel for the first time on this project. Peyton-Jones has described the Pavilion as a "visionary scheme"
Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2011 by Peter Zumthor
World renowned Swiss Architect Peter Zumthor created the 11th commission for the Serpentine Pavilion alongside Dutch landscape designer Piet Oudolf.
Zumthor has said "the concept for this year’s Pavilion is the hortus conclusus, a contemplative room, a garden within a garden".
The building was constructed of a lightweight timber wrapped with scrim and coated with a black Idenden.
An array of paths lead visitors to Dutch garden designer Piet Oudolf’s centerpiece, a richly planted sunlight garden, that is the integral focus of the building.